On Panama

Published in Dawn – cover photo by Dawn

Soon after he was sacked the first time in 1993, Mian Nawaz Sharif asked his interviewer, ‘What does the president have against me, except that he does not like my face?’ The judiciary more or less agreed, declared the president’s action illegal, and restored PM Sharif (a grace never extended to Benazir).

The second time PM Sharif was ousted, he was handed a life sentence by an anti-terrorism court for hijacking an airplane. He said of his wilderness years, ‘I thought to myself, Allah, you know better. For what mistake am I getting this punishment?’

Again the Supreme Court came to his rescue. ‘Looking at the case from any angle,’ the Court held nine years later, ‘the charge of hijacking, attempt to hijack or terrorism does not stand established against the petitioner.’ It was unanimous and, irony of ironies, decided by five judges to zero.

Twin threads run through the above: the apex court coming to the gentleman’s rescue, and the gentleman’s lack of reflection as to what necessitated a rescue in the first place.

Granted, reflection was always a tough ask: the PM was dismissed by the ice-hearted Ghulam Ishaq the first time; he was overthrown by a usurper in a borrowed flak jacket the second. He was in the right in both instances.

Only this time, he was in the wrong. And this time, the apex Court held he was in the wrong. As lawyer Faisal Siddiqi wrote in these pages, ‘[…] in comparison with other political elites, the Sharif family has not been subjected to any serious legal accountability by the courts.’ That changed Friday.

The lack of reflection, however, remained constant, and not just by the now ex-PM. The commentariat forgot the last quarter-century ever happened at all: the same judicial system that had absolved the ex-PM again and again, was now maligned as part of a shadowy plan.

Yet in all this talk of conspiracy, no one denied ownership of Capital FZE. No one denied the existence of the London flats. And no objective observer could stomach the story: Qatari princes flying in on magic carpets; lawyers-cum-font-geeks typing up beta Calibri. After a while, we were in O.J. Simpson territory: excellent legal talent, wall-to-wall coverage, popular support – and everyone knowing he did it.

Those rightly citing Article 10-A and the right to a fair trial may breathe easy: they will get their trial. As to arguing that disqualification may only ensue from said trial, the Supreme Court has directly disqualified MNAs in the past, and will do so in the future – any due process concerns left over were taken care of by the Joint Investigation Team. While the usual suspects try to tar the JIT with the same Masonic conspiracy brush, the fact is Pakistan’s state institutions have long been slammed as weak and venal (see Hijazi, Zafar). Yet the JIT has set a standard for both the thoroughness of its investigation, as well as its independence.

Which at last brings us to Friday’s verdict: Imran Ahmed Khan vs. Mian Nawaz Sharif, the most consequential case in memory. And the tragedy is, it never had to end this way.

The Panama Papers were leaked on 3 April 2016. Between then and now, PM Sharif could have disclosed all his assets; he did not. He could have swayed a former judge to form a commission, long as he empowered it; he did not. He could have sat down with the PPP and resolved this in parliament; he did not. He could have emancipated state institutions to the point they would not fear investigating him; he did not. He could have resigned in the wake of the JIT report; he did not. He could have – in any one of his three tenures – built in parameters for Articles 62 and 63; he did not. To call this a conspiracy, then, may well be accurate: Mian Nawaz Sharif’s, against himself.

To turn to other burning issues, now that Article 62(1)(f) has been deployed, it is prayed the Supreme Court exercise it with judiciousness, and that our legislature rethink Articles 62 and 63 altogether.

Finally, if this is indeed a brave new world, what of the crime that started the Sharif era itself? In Asghar Khan vs. Mirza Aslam Beg, the Court ruled that Generals Beg and Durrani rigged the 1990 polls, and that the state ‘take necessary steps under the Constitution and Law against them.’

Justice Khosa’s decision in the Panama case held, with great courage, that a prime minister ‘immune from touchability or accountability […] would be nothing short of a disaster.’ His words are as applicable to those in uniform – be it the gents that illegally got Nawaz Sharif elected PM in 1990, or the gents that unlawfully removed him from that office in 1999.

Let justice be done.

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